The material damage from the natural disasters that took place in the world over the past 20 years, which claimed the lives of 1,300,000 people, amounted to over 2 trillion 900 billion dollars, the report of the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction. Natural disasters have increased the financial losses of world markets by 251%. Over 20 years, 77 thousand 255 major natural disasters have occurred in the world, 77% of which are related to floods, storms and earthquakes. Natural disasters caused the greatest damage to the United States, which as a result lost 944 billion 800 million dollars. The loss of Japan amounted to 376 billion 300 million dollars, India - 79.5 billion dollars.